In the Constitutions of the Carmelite Order of 1369 (Cod. Third order use of the full habit Early in the Middle Ages numerous lay persons had already joined the Benedictine Order as oblates, these often received from the first order the entire monastic habit which they wore either constantly in the world or at least during Divine Service.
It was regarded as a great grace and privilege to be able to die and be buried in the monastic habit, which was frequently given to the dying or placed on the deceased before burial.
Ceremony and symbolism Monastic formulae of profession of the West from the ninth century make no mention of the investment with the scapular.about fourteen to eighteen inches), and of such a length that it reaches not quite to the feet in front and behind. In the middle is the opening for the head, the scapular thus hanging down from two narrow connecting segments resting on the shoulders. From this developed the special monastic garment, to which a hood could be fastened at the back.Originally the longitudinal segments of cloth were connected by cross segments passing under the arms -- a form which exists even today. Origin This monastic scapular, like the whole monastic habit and indeed the liturgical vestments of the priest, developed from the ordinary clothing of the laity. In fact, the original scapular of the Dominican Order was so made that it acted also as a covering for the head, and thus as a hood.Francis and on the other that of the little church of Portiuncula.For these large scapulars the same general rules hold good as described in detail below in the case of the small scapulars.