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The nascent field experienced an explosion of activity in the 1990s and began to surface in everyday applications in the early 2000s.Timeline of Biometrics History 1858 – First systematic capture of hand images for identification purposes is recorded Sir William Herschel, working for the Civil Service of India, recorded a handprint on the back of a contract for each worker to distinguish employees from others who might claim to be employees when payday arrived.These measurements were written on cards that could be sorted by height, arm length or any other parameter. The other approach was the formal use of fingerprints by police departments.This process emerged in South America, Asia, and Europe.Since the beginning of civilization, humans have used faces to identify known (familiar) and unknown (unfamiliar) individuals.This simple task became increasingly more challenging as populations increased and as more convenient methods of travel introduced many new individuals into- once small communities.This was the first recorded systematic capture of hand and finger images that were uniformly taken for identification purposes.1870 – Bertillon develops anthropometries to identify individuals Alphonse Bertillon developed “Bertillonage” or anthropometries, a method of identifying individuals based on detailed records of their body measurements, physical descriptions and photographs.

One of the oldest and most basic examples of a characteristic that is used for recognition by humans is the face.The characteristics (minutiae) that Galton used to identify individuals are still used today.These details are often referred to as Galton’s details.Surrounding these paintings are numerous handprints that are felt to “have acted as an unforgettable signature” of its originator.• There is also evidence that fingerprints were used as a person’s mark as early as 500 B. “Babylonian business transactions are recorded in clay tablets that include fingerprints.” • Joao de Barros, a Spanish explorer and writer, wrote that early Chinese merchants used fingerprints to settle business transactions.